Arkansas Native Plants List for Supporting Monarchs and Pollinators

The Partnership has created this list of native plants appropriate for plantings throughout Arkansas. Use this list to help guide your plantings for year-round blooms and support for pollinators.

Download Plant List (PDF)
Scientific NameCommon NameBloom Period Flower ColorLight Needs¹Water Needs²Approx. Height (ft.)Benefits³Comments
Aesculus paviared buckeyeSpring to Early Summerredsun to shadeM6-10B, HSmall tree for rain gardens, but can also be drought tolerant
Amorpha canescensleadplantSummer to Fallblue/purplesun to light shadeL, M2-3B, BuWoody shrub
Amsonia tabernaemontanaEastern bluestarSpringbluesun to med. shadeM2-3B, Bu
Aristolochia tomentosaDutchman's pipevineSpring to Summeryellow/greenpart sun to shadeM, HBuHost plant for pipevine swallowtail larvae
Asclepias incarnataswamp milkweedSpring to SummerpinksunL, M4-5Bu, MNative to NWA, can tolerate moisture
Asclepias sullivantiiprairie milkweedSpring to Summerrose/lavendersunM2-3B, Bu, M
Asclepias syriacacommon milkweedEarly to Mid-Summerlavendersun to part shadeM2-6B, Bu, MVigorous spreader
Asclepias tuberosabutterfly milkweedLate Spring to SummerorangesunL, M1-2.5B, Bu, M, HCan bloom again in fall!
Asclepias viridisantelopehorn milkweedSpring to Summergreen/purplesunL, M1-2B, BuSpreads slowly
Baptisia alba v. macrophyllawhite wild indigoSummerwhitesunM2-3B, Bu
Callirhoe involucratawine cupEarly Spring to Summerdark purple-redsunL0.5-1.5B, BuDrought tolerant once established
Ceanothus americanusNew Jersey teaSpring to Summerwhitesun to light shadeL, M3-4B, Bu, HWoody shrub
Cephalanthus occidentalisbuttonbushSummerwhitesun to light shadeM, H6-10B, Bu, HWoody shrub - good for rain gardens
Cercis canadensisEastern redbudSpringpinksun to part shadeL, M20-30B, BuSmall tree
Conoclinium coelestinumblue mistflowerSummer to Fallblue-purplesun to part shadeM, H1.5-2B, BuCan spread vigorously
Coreopsis lanceolatalanceleaf coreopsisSpring to Summeryellowsun to part shadeL2-3B, Bu, MMay take 2 years to establish.
Dalea purpureapurple prairie cloverSpring to Falllavender-purplesun to part shadeL1-3B, Bu
Echinacea pallidapale purple coneflowerSummerlavendersun to part shadeL, M2-3B, Bu
Echinacea purpureapurple coneflowerSummerpurplesun to part shadeL, M2-5B, Bu
Eryngium yuccifoliumrattlesnake masterSummerwhitesunM2-5B, BuGood pollinator plant
Eupatorium perfoliatumCommon bonesetLate Summer to FallwhitesunM, H4-6B, BuImportant for fall migration
Eutrochium purpureumJoe Pye WeedSummerpink-purplesun to part shadeM, H3-7B, BuGood for rain gardens.
Glandulararia canadensisrose vervainSpring to SummerpinksunL0.5-1.5B, BuPoor and well-drained soil needed
Helianthus angustifoliusnarrowleaf sunflowerFallyellowsunM1B, Bu
Helianthus divaricatuswoodland sunflowerSummeryellowpart shade to shadeL, M2-6B, Bumay form colony
Liatris asperatall blazing starSummer to FallpurplesunL, M2-3B,Bu, HExcellent nectar plant for butterflies!
Liatris pycnostachyaprairie blazing starSummerpurplesunL, M2-4B, Bu, HExcellent nectar plant for butterflies!
Lindera benzoinspice bushSpringyellowshadeM, H6-14B, BuHost plant for spice bush swallowtail larvae! (small tree)
Monarda bradburianaEastern beebalmSpringpink/purple/whitesun to shadeL, M1-2B, Bu, Hmay form a colony
Monarda fistulosawild bergamotSpringpink/purplesun to light shadeM2-4B, Bu, HGreat plant for pollinators!
Penstemon digitalisfoxglove beardtongueSummerwhitesun to light shadeM, H2-4B, Bu, M, HGreat plant for moths!
Phlox divaricatawoodland phloxSpringpurplesun to shadeM1-3Bu, HGreat nectar source for butterflies!
Phlox paniculatagarden phloxSummer to Fallpink/purple/ whitesun to shadeM, H2-4B, Bu, HGreat nectar source for butterflies!
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumslender mountain mintsummerwhitesunL, M1-1.5B, BuExcellent nectar plant for butterflies!
Pycnantheum muticumclustered mountain mintSummer to Fallwhitesun to part shadeL, M1-3B, BuExcellent nectar plant for butterflies!
Rudbeckia hirtaBlack-eyed SusanSummeryellowsunM1-2.5B, BuAnnual or short-lived perennial
Rudbeckia fulgidaBlack-eyed SusanSummeryellowsunL. M2-3B, Bu
Salvia azureaazure blue sageSummer to Fallbluesun to light shadeL, M3-5B, Bu
Solidago caesia wreath goldenrodFallyellowsun to part shadeL1.5-3B, BuGoldenrod which tolerates some shade
Solidago nemoralisgray goldenrodSummeryellowsun to light shadeL, M1.5-2B, BuThrives in poor, dry soils in sunny locations
Solidago petiolarisdowny ragged goldenrodSummer to Fallyellowpart sunL, M1-4B, Bu, MNectar source for monarch butterflies
Symphyotrichum novae-angliaeNew England aster FallpurplesunM3-6BuGreat for migrating monarchs!
Symphyotrichum oblongifoliumaromatic asterFallpurplesunL, M1-3Bu
Vernonia arkansanacurlytop ironweedSummerpurplesun to light shadeM, H3-4B, Bu
Vernonia baldwiniiBaldwin's ironweedSummer purplesunL, M3-5B, Bu
Veronicastrum virginicumCulver's rootSpring to Summerwhite/bluesun to light shadeM, H4-7Bu
Zizia aureagolden alexandersspringgoldsun to light shadeL, M1-2.5B, BuHost plant for black swallowtail larvae

¹Light Needs:

Sun: An area that receives at least six hours of more of direct, mid-day sun, includes the south or west side of buildings and trees.

Sun to light shade: Includes area conditions listed for sun plus the east and north sides of buildings and trees where plants have considerable open sky overhead.

Light to medium/part shade: Includes areas with dappled sunlight and bright areas underneath trees; i.e., open sky not directly overhead.

Shade: Dappled to dense shade; areas that receive morning and evening sun in summer; areas on north sides of buildings and underneath trees

²Water Needs:

High (H), Medium (M), Low (L)


Bees (B), Butterflies (Bu), Moths (M), Hummingbirds (H)